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According to a survey produced by a research company headquartered in the United States, air pollution is anticipated to shorten the life expectancy of roughly 40% of Indians by more than nine years.

According to a report compiled by the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago, more than 480 million people living in wide swaths of central, eastern, and northern India, including the capital New Delhi, suffer from considerably high levels of pollution (EPIC). According to the EPIC study, which was carried by the Reuters news agency on Wednesday, “India’s high levels of air pollution have alarmingly increased geographically over time.”

The EPIC report praised India’s National Clean Air Program (NCAP), which was launched in 2019 to reduce dangerous pollution levels. It stated that “achieving and maintaining” the NCAP goals would increase India’s overall life expectancy by 1.7 years and New Delhi residents’ life expectancy by 3.1 years.

Delhi after pollution(left) and before pollution(right)

By 2024, the NCAP seeks to reduce pollution in the 102 worst-affected cities by 20 to 30 percent by assuring reductions in industrial and vehicular emissions, enacting stricter restrictions for transportation fuels and biomass burning, and lowering dust pollution. It will also necessitate more sophisticated monitoring systems.

Following a dramatic spike in farm waste burning in the surrounding states of Punjab and Haryana, New Delhi’s 20 million people fought poisonous air in the winter, despite breathing some of the cleanest air on record in the summer due to coronavirus lockdown limitations.

According to IQAir, a Swiss organization that analyzes air quality levels based on the quantity of lung-damaging airborne particles known as PM2.5, New Delhi was the world’s most polluted capital for the third year in a row in 2020

According to the EPIC, if Bangladesh improved air quality to WHO-recommended standards, it could increase average life expectancy by 5.4 years. EPIC examined the health of persons exposed to various levels of long-term air pollution and applied the results to various locations in India and internationally to arrive at the life expectancy number.

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