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Pilot error and failure led to the crash of an Air India Express plane in August last year.

The Air India express passenger jet carrying 190 people crashed into the Calicut airport in Kerala’s southern state, killing 21 people. After landing, the Boeing 737, which had come from Dubai, veered off the runway in the rain and broke in half.

The Air India express airplane was returning Indians who had been stuck due to the coronavirus outbreak. Both pilots were among the deceased. Seventy-five passengers were seriously injured.

When the plane tried to land for the second time, it crashed. The pilots had to abort the first attempt due to strong monsoon-season rains in Kerala. According to the findings by India’s Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau, the pilot committed many “violations” of operation protocols before landing.

Air India deadly plane crash due to pilot error

Failing to conduct “sufficient briefing” for landing with tailwinds in rain and poor visibility, as well as failure to “immediately calculate precise landing data in unfavorable meteorological conditions,” all led to the crash, according to the report.

A broken windshield wiper had also hampered visibility, according to the 257-page report. In addition, the pilot “On the first approach for landing, the mandatory announcement for the cabin crew to be seated was not made. This is a major oversight that puts the cabin crew in risk “, according to the study.

“Systemic failures,” according to the investigation, may have also contributed to the catastrophe.

“These usually occur due to prevailing safety culture that give rise to errors, mistakes and violation of routine tasks performed by people operating within the system,” it said.

Plane disasters have occurred in the past during India’s monsoon season, which runs from June to September and wreaks havoc across south Asia each year. An Air India Express jet overshot the Mangalore airport runway and crashed in May 2010, killing 158 passengers.

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